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BY THE NUMBERS //

C-Sections: Born This Way

WINTER 2013



0 Number of cesarean (or “C”) sections likely undergone by Julius Caesar’s mother, who survived his birth to see his triumphs at a time when the procedure was performed only on the dead or dying (the word may actually come from the Latin caedere, “to cut”)



15 “Optimal” maximum C-section percentage rate set by the World Health Organization in 1985; the WHO has since modified the recommendation, stating in 2009 that “the optimum rate is unknown” but that “both very low and very high rates of cesarean section can be dangerous”



32.8 Percentage of U.S. births by C-section in 2010; common medical reasons include breech positioning, previous C-section, stalled labor and the placenta blocking the cervix



60 Percentage increase in U.S. C-section deliveries from 1996 to 2009



46 Percentage of births that occur by C-section in China, one-quarter of which have no medical basis



20 Percentage of C-sections necessitated by failed attempts to induce labor in first-time mothers, according to one study



$13,400 Average amount charged by Massachusetts hospitals for a C-section, compared with $9,700 for an uncomplicated vaginal delivery



$50 million Estimated amount saved annually in Utah after the Intermountain Healthcare hospital system banned labor inductions that had no medical reason; the savings were attributed to a drop in resulting C-section rates