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BY THE NUMBERS //

Shock Values

Depression, by the numbers.

By Cathryn Delude // Summer 2006
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15-20
Percentage of depressed American adults who do not respond to more advanced pharmaco- and psychotherapy

1938
Year the first patient with a mental disorder was treated with electroshock

25
Percentage of medical students in a 2002 study who, after watching the portrayal of electroconvulsive therapy in five movies, said they would dissuade a relative or friend from undergoing the treatment

2
Centimeters rTMS penetrates through the skull to the prefrontal cortex

4
Minimum number of raditional treatments (antidepressants or ECT) that must fail to work for a patient before a physician can consider vagus nerve stimulation, as stipulated by the FDA

8
Number of years that VNS has been in use for treatment-resistant depression

30
Estimated number of patients who have been treated with deep brain stimulation in ongoing international pilot studies

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Danger Zones

Studies of brain imaging and injury have linked specific regions to depression

Out of Despair

For 100,000 depressed patients each year, electroconvulsive therapy has been the last best hope. Now options are expanding.

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